Indian history is a subject of wonder all over the world and the famous tombs of India are an integral part of it.
Many of these tombs belong to the Mughal dynasty which has patronised some of the best works of architecture during its presence in India lasting over three centuries.
Several of these tombs are scattered in different corners of India. Humayun was one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal dynasty, and it is no surprise that a famous tomb was built in his memory by his Persian widow, Haji Begum. Humayun's tomb was the first constructional work undertaken during Akbar's reign and was built during 1562-1572 AD. Today it is one of the leading attractions of Delhi and is visited by thousands of visitors everyday.
Akbar's tomb at Sikandara is an assimilation of various styles of architecture. Although the tomb is of Islamic origin, it is a blend of several styles. Exquisite patterns can be noticed at the entrance. A unique feature of this tomb is the absence of a dome and the use of chhatris. These are small domed canopies which have been supported by pillars.
The royal cemetery of the Qutub Shahi kings is situated 2kms away from the Golconda Fort. These graceful structures are surrounded by beautifully landscaped gardens. The architectural genius is revealed in every arch, dome and gallery. Seven tombs have been erected in the memory of the departed kings and have been laid out in the gardens of Ibrahim Bagh. These tombs are known as Qutub Shahi tombs.
Taj Mahal is a mausoleum situated at Agra and was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The white marble tomb is the main focus of Taj Mahal. The basic elements here, like most of the Mughal tombs, are Persian in origin. The most spectacular feature of the tomb is the marble dome mounted on top of the immense structure. Its height is almost same as the building measuring 35 meters. The dome has earned the nickname of onion dome due to its shape. Four small chattris are placed at the four corners of the dome. The top of the dome is decorated with a lotus design which further accentuates its height.
But if you thought Taj was the only tomb Agra can boast of, you can think again. Itmad-ud-Daulah's tomb is also considered as one of the famous tombs of India. This tomb is located about one and half kilometers from the Taj Mahal. It contains the tombs of Mirza Ghiyas Beg, the father of Empress NoorJahan and his wife Asmat Begum.
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